The practice of oil & natural gas exploration, production and development has drastically changed over the last 6 years due to improved and advanced technological capabilities which consequently transformed the Unites States of America into the world’s largest oil & natural gas producer. Demir Energy is committed in utilizing some of these state-of-the-art available technologies combined with responsible implementation and execution models. Demir Energy’s Research & Development Division will continue to search for even more efficient and adaptable safe ways and diligently contribute to the new “21st Century Renaissance of US Energy”.
Please feel free to review some of the available technologies being used:
- Digital Spectral Satellite Mapping (DSSM)
Digital Spectral Satellite Mapping uses satellite data in a specific light wave band to detect areas of high and low hydrocarbon, oil and /or gas content. By utilizing mapping from this data, will indicate areas of high hydrocarbon content, which is evaluated for high and low hydrocarbons thus eliminating low hydrocarbon areas, which will be avoided. Oil and natural gas deposits, regardless of depth, create signature evidence at the surface directly above, called micro-seepage. Each of the technologies used for finding oil detects underlying oil and gas deposits by measuring and quantifying micro-seepage at ground level. Exploration without the advantage of Digital Spectral Satellite Mapping is simply drilling exploratory holes blindly, hoping for the best.
- KUTT Radiometrics
KUTT Radiometrics is an advanced method of using surface acquired radiation data to locate oil and gas pools. Conventional Radiometrics only have the ability to record total radiation counts. In contrast, KUTT Radiometrics has the capability to break down the Total Gamma into its spectra of Potassium-40 (K), Uranium-214 (U), Thorium-208 (T), and Total Count (T) – KUTT. These are called naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM). Radiation anomalies appear above oil and gas reservoirs of the NORM. The increase in data translates to greater accuracy in interpretation.
For successful KUTT Radiometrics readings, a Multi-Channel Gamma Ray Spectrometer, such as the Exploranium GR410 and 21 cubic inch Sodium iodine, crystal detector, is used. In order to reduce atomic particle counting errors and obtain statistically significant counts, each station is occupied at least 2 minutes. All readings are then corrected for background radiation. Contour maps of Potassium and Total Gamma are constructed by computer to aid in interpretation. KUTT data collected and interpreted in this way clearly shows the shape and extent of hydrocarbon pools. Used alone or in combination these methods of Radiometric data acquisition and interpretation could significantly reduce exploration costs and dry hole risks. Additionally, a KUTT Radiometric Survey using the new techniques can be used to hi-grade the best areas in which to run seismic surveys thereby reducing the amount of costly seismic surveys needed.
- 3-D Seismic Imaging
3-D seismic imaging is a tool that bounces sound waves off underground rock structures to reveal possible crude oil– and natural gas–bearing formations. Seismologists use ultrasensitive devices called geophones to record the sound waves as they echo within the earth. By studying the echoes, petroleum geologists calculate the depth and structures of buried geologic formations. This analysis may help them identify oil- and gas-bearing reservoirs hidden beneath the earth's surface.
Although energy companies have been using seismic imaging for about 80 years, technological developments have made geologists' efforts to find oil and natural gas beneath the surface more precise and effective through advanced 3-D imaging, creating high-definition pictures of subsurface geology covering thousands of square miles and extends 10 miles or more into the earth. Software analyzes these images, recording multiple 3-D surveys at different times produces 4-D information.
Expert geologists then review 3-D seismic imaging data to determine the likelihood oil or gas in a given area. If the geologists determine that the area is likely to contain hydrocarbons, they use the information gathered from the seismic data to predict/estimate how much oil or gas might be in the reservoir. These estimates are used to determine whether or not it is economically advantageous to drill the well.
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Geographic Information Systems (GIS) are powerful computer-based tools used to enter, maintain, store, distribute, and analyze geospatial data. GIS and associated spatial analyses deal with the quantitative location of features and their associated attributes.
- Advanced Logging Tools
Petroleum geologists get much valuable information from electric logs, including rock type, porosity, presence of oil, water, or gas, and many other things. The electric log is the most important tool of the petroleum geologist.
- Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) Techniques
EOR is sometimes referred to as “water-flooding” in a nod to this technique, where large quantities of liquid (or gas) are pumped into the formation in order to encourage the release and migration of hydrocarbons towards the producing well.
To increase permeability we treat the reservoir in such a way as to widen the pathways, so that the hydrocarbons will have an easier time flowing through the reservoir and into the target producing well.
- Satellite Well Monitoring
Demir Energy is using a revolutionary well management system that monitors and controls marginal oil producing wells. The system is a cost effective solution for enhancing production efficiency, lowering energy consumption, reducing equipment maintenance costs, and decreasing the labor costs associated with oil well monitoring. Using ORBCOMM’s reliable global satellite network, the system provides real-time information about the operational status of the equipment anywhere in the world, including pump cycle data, critical alerts and oil production. This data is accessible via computer and/or smart phones.